ZVI HECKER’S SENSE OF PLACE
Most of Zvi Hecker’s architecture achieves a rare combination of originality and modesty. Its originality is not in the introduction of novel forms, but rather in the ways it brings together already familiar forms in relationship to particular sites and programs. The modesty of his buildings is a result of this kind of originality and the social character it lends them: they read like distillations of some of a society’s best ideas about the design of space, reinvented in ways that makes them new. In this sense, Hecker’s is an ‘ideal’ architecture, celebrating both the individual and the community of which he is a part, and realizing their mutual interdependence.
Not to harp on this point, but it seems to me that this is what architecture, at its best, is about. You find a similar quality in the work of Mies van der Rohe, though in his case he invented the forms that became the social norm. Also the work of Aldo van Eyck and Jacob Baakema. Architecture as an idea cannot be limited to one-off masterpieces but should create an inspiring fabric of spaces and ways of living, a tapestry of human invention and aspiration. It is possible to imagine a vibrant urban tapestry—a city—with many Zvi Hecker buildings, while it is not possible to imagine the same with the singular buildings of, say, Zaha Hadid.
The Palmach Museum pf History in Tel-Aviv, Israel, designed by Hecker in collaboration with Raffi Segal, offers an excellent example of exactly what I’m talking about. In 1998, Hecker wrote: “The Palmach Museum of History is essentially a landscape. It is a landscape of the dreams that have made Israel a reality. The form of this landscape is homage to the ideals that Palmach stood and fought for. They are also the invisible foundations that carry the load built in fifty years of Israel’s independence.” Typically, he invokes an ideal of social meaning, inferring the way—creating a landscape—architecture can bring it palpably into reality. Constructed of common local stone, tile and far-from-perfect poured-in-place concrete, the building offers us dynamic forms and roughly textured spaces appropriate to a history of struggle and conflict, and to a victory of hope over despair.
The Palmach Museum of History (photos by Michael Kruger, unless otherwise noted):
(below) Saving the existing trees on the site:
(above photo by Yael Pincus)